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中南大学学报(英文版)

Journal of Central South University

Vol. 24    No. 10    October 2017

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Near ground wind characteristics during typhoon Meari:Turbulence intensities, gust factors, and peak factors
WANG Xu(王旭)1, 2, HUANG Peng(黄鹏)2, YU Xian-feng(余先锋)3, HUANG Chao(黄超)1

1. State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Mountain Bridge and Tunnel Engineering, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing 400074, China; 2. State Key Laboratory of Disaster Reduction in Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China; 3. State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Building Science, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China

Abstract:Wind data were collected during the 2011 typhoon Meari at heights of 10, 20, 30, and 40 m above the ground using a 40 m high anemometer tower in the coastal area near Shanghai Pudong International Airport. Wind speeds and directions, turbulence intensities, gust factors, and peaks were analyzed using the time records of wind speed. The results show that turbulence intensity components in longitudinal, lateral, and vertical directions decrease with mean wind speed, regardless of elevations, and the turbulence intensities are in a linear relationship with mean wind speeds. The ratios of three turbulence intensity components (i.e. Iu, Iv, Iw) at heights of 10, 20 and 40 m were calculated and equal to be 1:0.88:0.50, 1:0.84:0.57, and 1:0.9:0.49, respectively. In addition, the gust factors in three directions exhibit a reduction with increasing mean wind speed. The peak factors at different heights show a similar trend and slightly decrease with mean wind speed; average peak factors for all 10-min data from Typhoon Meari are 2.43, 2.48, and 2.47, respectively.

 

Key words: typhoon Meari; wind characteristics; turbulence intensity; gust factor; peak factor

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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