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中南大学学报(自然科学版)

Journal of Central South University

第22卷    第2期    总第78期    1991年4月

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文章编号:(1991)02-131-6
依据弹簧蠕变试验确定岩石流变模型参数的方法
夏才初; 钟时猷

(资源开发工程系)

摘 要: 以试验结果为依据,用符合本试验所用岩石试件的力学行为的三元件粘弹性模型为例,分析了在弹簧式蠕变仪上进行蠕变试验时载荷松弛对确定岩石流变力学模型参数的影响,导出了考虑载荷松驰后,模型参数的计算公式及不考虑载荷松弛而产生的误差计算公式。研究表明,载荷松驰仅对模型参数中与时间有关的力学参数有影响,而对与时间无关的力学参数则无影响,而且其影响的程度与试验机刚度、试件尺寸和岩石本身的力学性质有关。

 

关键字: 蠕变试验; 岩石试验; 流变模型参数/弹簧式蠕变仪; 载荷松弛

A METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF RHEOLOGICAL MODEL PARAMETERS USING EXPERIMENTAL DATA ON SPRING--TYPE CREEP EQUIPMENT
Xia Caichu;Zhong Shiyou

Department of Resources Exploitation Engineering

Abstract:Based on experimental data,a viscoelastic mechanical model consisting of three components accords with the mechanical behaviour of rock sample used in creep test. Taking this model for example, we analyse the influences of load relaxation on determining rheological model parameters of rock sample when creep test is made on spring-type creep equipment. The formulas of calculation of thses parameters are derived,when load relaxation is taken into consideration. and the formulas of calculation of the errors of these parameters, without taking load relaxation into consideration, are also deduced. Result shows that load relaxation only affects time-dependent model parameters and doesn't affect time-independent model parameter. The degree of influence depends on the stiffness of the creep equipment,the sample size and the mechanical properties of rock.

 

Key words: creep test; rock test; rheological model parameter/spring-type creep equipment; load relaxation

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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