自然科学版 英文版
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中南大学学报(英文版)

Journal of Central South University

Vol. 5    No. 2    December 1998

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FREE ALKALI RECOVERY FROM NaOH LEACHING LIQUOR OF TUNGSTEN ORE BY ELECTROLYSIS WITH ION-EXCHANGE MEMBRANE
Zhang Guiqing Zhang Qixiu

Department of Nonferrous Metallurgy, Central South University of Technology, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:Caustic soda leaching liquor of tungsten ore always contains a certain amount of free alkali. General method of removing free alkali in the liquor is to neutralize it by inorganic acid. A new method, i.e. applying electrolysis with ion-exchange membrane to recover free alkali from caustic soda leaching liquor of tungsten ore, was proposed in the paper. In the electrolysis cell the effective area of membrane is 100 mm×100 mm, the anode is β PbO2 plated at screen of titanium net, the cathode is active nickel plated at screen of stainless steel net, and the membrane is a kind of perfluorsulphonic acid membrane. Some effect factors of electrolysis process including the NaOH concentration in anolyte and catholyte, distance between electrodes, temperature, current density, are investigated. The results show that, by choosing proper operating condition, the specific energy consumption can be controlled within 2 kWh·kg-1NaOH. Electrolysis with ion-exchange membrane can not only recover free alkali from caustic soda leaching liquor, reduce the consumption of inorganic acid, but also utilize the hydrogen gas produced in the process to produce tungsten powder.

 

Key words: ion-exchange membrane; electrolysis; tungsten; caustic soda

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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